Healthy Oils and Smoke Points – Low Carb High Fat Diets

Healthy Oils and Smoke Points

smoke-points-oils

Q: “What happens to an oil when we add heat for cooking?”

A: Oxidation and a loss of nutrients. This does not mean you shouldn’t cook with your oils, but it does suggest to do so mindfully.

All natural oils go through an oxidation process over time and through exposure to inappropriate light, air, and temperature.

It’s important to know that well-stored, fresh oils can be detrimental when used improperly during cooking.

Every fat and oil has a value at which it burns called the smoke point.

An oil’s smoke point will change as it ages but also with repeated use.

At smoke point an oil’s fumes become toxic.

Fumes are not the only concern however.

The latest research speculates that cancer causing free radicals exist in oils that have reached their smoke point and/or been reheated. 2 (Note: The footnote is specific to coconut oil, but the theory applies to all fats and oils.)

Oils that have reached their smoke point may not change in color, smell, or taste. The only way to be confident in the safety of an oil is to watch for slight smoking as your food cooks.

  • Discard any oil in your cupboard past expiry date, if you cannot remember when you bought it, or if it has a fishy or ‘off’ smell.
  • Swear off margarine, vegetable shortening, or any refined oil.
  • Source reputable oil sellers in your neighborhood or online. (our recommendations)
  • Learn more about coconut oil’s restorative properties.
  • Swap out refined or hydrogenated oils for virgin or extra virgin only.
  • Read all packaged foods’ labels. If you must eat packaged foods, only buy those that claim “No Trans Fats”. (Please don’t eat packaged foods.)
  • While pricey, experiment with some new-to-you oils in cooking or salad dressing. A great place to start are the nut oils!

Smoke Points

Generally speaking, virgin or extra virgin grade oils have been extracted without the use of heat.

Doing so maintains the delicate integrity of a plant, nut, or seed’s phyto-nutrients. 1

Coconut oil is made by pressing the oil out of the fresh or dried meat of the coconut. Look for virgin, hexane-free, and cold-pressed labeling for the most benefits.

Top 5 Tips When Cooking With Oil

  1. Buy the freshest oils available and store them properly (each varies).
  2. Do not heat or eat food cooked in oil that has reached its smoke point.
  3. Turn hood ventilation fans on when frying foods.
  4. Do not use any oil that smells off or is past its expiry date.
  5. Know the age and expiry date of your oil and track how often it is reused between deep frying sessions.

Cut out the chart below; affix to an inside cupboard or drawer in your kitchen.

fats-oils-smoke-points

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1 Natural chemicals from plant foods that may help your body work efficiently and prevent disease.
2 “Genotoxic and carcinogenic risks associated with the dietary consumption of repeatedly heated coconut oil” (November 2010) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20687968

Laura Childs
Laura Childs - having reached the age of 50 and weighing over 235 pounds faced a stern warning from her doctor. Either lose the weight or Type 2 Diabetes would soon follow. After trying a low carb, high fat, diet and losing 16 pounds in the first 2 weeks her new courageous goal was to lose 50 pounds at 50 years of age. To date, Laura has lost 70 pounds and continues on a low carb high fat diet.

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